The Different Kinds of Sushi: Types, Names, and Photos (2023)

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    Brittany Kennedy

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(Video) Sushi - Types and names

Types of Sushi

If you didn't grow up eating sushi, you may be confused when looking at a sushi roll menu if the restaurant chooses to leave out the descriptions. This guide will break down some common sushi terms and recipes so you can know what to order when visiting a sushi bar or restaurant.

Did You Know?

Feel free to eat your sushi rolls or nigiri with your hands! This is, in fact, how many in Japan eat their sushi. When eating nigiri, it's also recommended to turn the roll upside-down to dip in soy sauce to avoid absorbing too much into the rice.

5 Main Types of Sushi

Type of SushiDescriptionNotes

Nigiri

A topping, usually fish, served on top of sushi rice

Not all nigiri is raw, though this dish is best for people who want to appreciate the flavor of the fish, shellfish, or other toppings

Sashimi

Fish or shellfish served alone (no rice)

This is best for people who really love to taste the fish or shellfish since it comes with nothing else

Maki

Rice and filling wrapped in seaweed

This is what most people think of when they think of sushi rolls

Uramaki

Similar to the above, but rice is on the outside and seaweed wraps around the filling

These rolls often have lots of toppings and sauces — they may either be cooked or raw

Temaki

Sushi that has been hand-rolled into a cone shape

The cones are not as easy to share as the rolls (though very delicious!)

Here's a brief run-down on what's what. For pictures and more information about each type, you can scroll to the sections below.

What's the Difference Between Sushi, Sashimi, and Nigiri?

  • Sashimi is just the meat, served without other ingredients.
  • Sushi features the meat and adds rice and other ingredients, such as vegetables, which are all rolled up in a sheet of nori (seaweed) and then sliced into pieces. You'll either see it as maki (which means roll), where the seaweed is on the outside, uramaki, where the seaweed is on the inside and rice is on the outside, or temaki, a cone-shaped piece of sushi that's rolled by hand.
  • Nigiri is a dish that's halfway in between sashimi and sushi. Nigiri is sashimi that's served on a molded rectangle of rice.

Lastly, while most sashimi is raw fish, some sashimi is not raw, and some sashimi is not fish. For example, unagi is cooked freshwater eel, and sashimi also encompasses other types of seafood, which you will see below.

Types of Sashimi

There are many different kinds of sashimi — these are some of the more common items that you might see. Spellings might vary.

Sashimi NameWhat Is It?

Ahi

Tuna (raw)

Aji

Spanish Mackerel (raw)

Amaebi

Sweet Shrimp (raw)

Anago

Saltwater Eel — usually deep-fried or boiled

Aoyagi

Round Clam (raw)

Bincho

Albacore White Tuna (raw)

Katsuo

Skipjack Tuna (raw)

Ebi

Tiger Shrimp (cooked)

Escolar

Butterfish (raw)

Hamachi

Yellow Tail (raw)

Hamachi Toro

Yellowtail Belly (raw)

Hirame

Halibut (raw)

Hokigai

Surf Clam (cooked)

Hotate

Scallop (raw)

Ika

Squid (the body is served raw, the tentacles are cooked)

Ikura

Salmon Roe (fish eggs)

Iwashi

Sardine (raw)

Kani

Crab Meat (cooked)

Kanpachi

Amberjack (raw)

Maguro

Tuna (raw)

Saba

Mackerel (raw)

Sake

Salmon (raw)

Sake Toro

Salmon Belly (raw)

Tai

Red Snapper (raw)

Tako

Octopus (cooked)

Tamago

Sweet Egg Omelet (cooked)

Toro

Blue Fin Belly (raw)

Tsubugai

Whelk Clam (raw)

Umi Masu

Ocean Trout (raw)

Unagi

Barbequed Freshwater Eel

Uni

Sea Urchin (raw)

Sashimi is to sushi as a fillet is to a taco. Any sashimi meat can be made into a sushi roll. And any chef can get creative and create specialty sushi rolls by combining multiple meats and vegetables. However, there are a few specialty sushi rolls that can be found at most restaurants, though the exact preparation can differ significantly.

Types of Popular Sushi Rolls

Most of these are uramaki — the kind where the rice is on the outside. Sushi rolls vary fairly significantly from one restaurant to the next, even though the names might be the same. You can always ask what is in a roll at a particular restaurant

Roll NameWhat's in It?Contains Raw Fish?You Should Order If . . .

Tiger Roll

Avocado, shrimp tempura, cucumber, tobiko (flying fish roe — fish eggs)

Usually not — double check to make sure

You like fried shrimp and avocado

Philadelphia Roll

Salmon, avocado, cream cheese

Yes

You like cold and creamy

Crunch Roll

Spicy tuna, crispy seaweed, tempura

Yes

You like crispy, crunchy and raw tuna

Dynamite Roll

Shrimp tempura, yellowtail, bean sprouts, carrots, avocado, cucumber, chili, spicy mayo

Sometimes

You like warm, creamy, and crunchy

Rainbow Roll

Fish cake/imitation crab, avocado, cucumber, tuna, avocado, salmon, shrimp, yellowtail

Yes

You like different kinds of sashimi

Dragon Roll

Eel, crab, cucumber / avocado outside, eel sauce

Sometimes

You love eel — which is warm, buttery, and a little sweet

California Roll

Crab or imitation crab, avocado, cucumber, sesame seeds

No

You don't like raw fish and like avocado

Spicy Tuna Roll

Tuna, mayo, chili sauce

Yes

You like cold and spicy

Caterpillar Roll

Eel, cucumber, avocado

No

You like eel (cooked and warm) and avocado

Spider Roll

Soft-shell crab tempura, cucumber, avocado, spicy mayo

No

You like crab and crunchy tempura

Vegetable Roll

Cucumber, fresh carrot, scallion, avocado, asparagus, cream cheese

No

You like veggies

Shrimp Tempura Roll

Shrimp tempura, avocado, tempura flakes, eel sauce

No

You like crunchy and fried shrimp

Surf and Turf Roll

Cucumber, fish cake/imitation crab, beef, carrot, tuna, salmon, avocado

Yes

You like raw fish and cooked beef

Tempura Roll

One or more of the parts is deep-fried in a light batter

Sometimes

You like crunchy, fried foods.

Volcano Roll

Contents will differ, but it will have some kind of topping that makes it looks like the roll is exploding.

Sometimes

Vegetarian Sushi Ingredients

There are also vegetarian sushi ingredients that have the added bonus of being on the cheaper side. These include:

  • Egg (tamago)
  • Cucumber (kappa)
  • Avocado

Common Sides and Condiments

Before we begin, you must know what to eat with sushi.

Common Starters

  • Miso soup: Traditional Japanese soup made with dashi stock and miso paste.
  • Edamame: Young soybeans in their pods.
  • Tempura: Fried vegetables or shrimp in a crunchy batter.

Condiments

  • Wasabi: Green paste made from Japanese horseradish. This should be mixed with shoyu (soy sauce) as a dipping sauce for your sushi.
  • Pickled ginger: The Japanese use ginger to clear their palettes between courses.

Garnishes

The sushi roll you get might have brightly colored orange spheres or tiny black spheres on it—these are both roe, which are fish eggs.

  • Tobiko: Roe of flying fish. Usually a bright orange, though it can be colored to be black or even green.
  • Masago: Roe of capelin. Usually orange-colored unless it is dyed.
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Meet Some Common Sushi Fillings

All of these pictures are of the fillings in nigiri form (on a bed of rice). Sashimi is raw fish. When placed on rice (sometimes with nori, or sheets of seaweed), it is sushi. The following raw toppings can be found on sushi menus:

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Sushi Rolls

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(Video) The Most Common Types Of Sushi Explained

Spicy Tuna Roll

Ahi (tuna) rolls usually have a dark pink layer of raw tuna in them.

However, spicy tuna (or spicy ahi) usually includes diced or shredded tuna with hot peppers. The spicy sauce that sushi chefs use is usually orange and is about as hot as a banana pepper or sandwich jalapeño.

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Tempura Roll

Tempura is a Japanese style of deep frying that uses a light batter. Tempura rolls can be made in two ways.

As shown in the photo above, one way to make this crunchy delight is to make the entire roll tempura. In the photo above, the chef created a sashimi roll, covered it in tempura batter, and deep-fried the whole thing.

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Tempura Style #2

Another way to make this crunchy delight is to prepare the contents tempura. For those rolls, shrimp tempura or some other kind of vegetable tempura is put inside the nori (seaweed paper).

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Unagi Sushi

Unagi is a saltwater eel. Sushi usually uses a grilled slab of unagi coated or marinated in either oyster sauce, teriyaki sauce, or some other sweet-and-salty glaze. Unagi tastes like tender steak.

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California Roll

A California roll is usually made with crab and avocado. If you purchase a California roll in a supermarket, you may get one with mayonnaise in it. In the California roll above, there is crab, ahi (tuna), and avocado. Sometimes it will be served with a slab of ahi on top.

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Inari

Inari is breaded-rice sushi. The bread is thin and sweet and sometimes filled with vegetables such as carrot strips or cucumber.

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(Video) The Different Kinds of Sushi Types, Names, and Photos Article

Rainbow Roll

A rainbow roll is a sushi roll topped with many different types of sashimi.

The sushi roll underneath the sashimi is usually a California roll (avocado and crab).

To make this type of sushi, the chef prepares a California roll and adds the toppings afterwards.

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Dragon Roll

Dragon rolls are usually unique to the chef, and many get creative with the appearance of the dragon roll—some making them look like dragons. So there is some variation as to the ingredients chosen by different chefs, but dragon rolls are usually filled with eel and cucumber and topped with thinly-sliced avocado, producing a scale effect.

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Philly Roll

The Philly roll is a popular kind of sushi that you will find on many menus around the country. It usually has salmon, cream cheese, and cucumber, though it might come with other ingredients like avocado, onion, and sesame seed. It's named the Philly roll because of Philadelphia Cream Cheese, not because it's from Philadelphia.

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Temaki With Crab

This is an example of a cone-shaped hand roll, which is called temaki. This one has crab in it—you can tell it's real crab because it's stringy. Imitation crab usually comes in stick form and is not stringy.

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Spider Roll

The spider roll has soft-shell crab tempura, cucumber, avocado, and spicy mayo on it. Sometimes the chef will construct it so it looks like it has spider legs coming out of the sides.

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Vegetarian Roll

There's even something at sushi restaurants for people who don't eat fish! Many places offer a veggie roll, which will—no surprise here—contain different kinds of vegetables like cucumber or avocado.

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(Video) Basics of Sushi ,Types and Pronunciation.

Volcano Roll

The contents of volcano rolls tend to vary, but the one thing they have in common is that there is usually some kind of topping on the rolls that makes it look like the sushi is exploding—hence the term "volcano roll."

Other Common Words on Sushi Menus

ItemWhat Is It?

Agedashi

Soft tofu coated with potato starch and deep fried

Chirashi

Bowl of rice mixed with fish, vegetables, and additional ingredients of your choice

Daikon

A type of radish

Donburi

Japanese "rice bowl dish" consisting of fish, meat, vegetables or other ingredients simmered together and served over rice

Edamame

A dish made of unripened soybeans

Gomae

Vegetable dish made with sesame dressing

Gyoza

Japanese pan-fried dumplings

Ika

Cuttlefish

Ikura

Salmon roe

Kaki

Persimmon

Kanikama

Imitation crab meat

Kappa

Cucumber

Katsu

Deep fried cutlet

Kushiyaki

Generic term for skewered and grilled meat and vegetables

Maki

Rice and fillings wrapped in seaweed (commonly called sushi roll)

Masago

Capelin roe (fish eggs) — orange in color

Miso

A traditional Japanese seasoning

Mochi

Chewy dessert made from rice

Nasu

Eggplant

Negi

Green onion

Nigiri

Raw fish served over pressed, vinegared rice

Omakase

Chef's choice

Poke

Raw fish salad served as an appetizer in Hawaiian cuisine, and sometimes as an entree

Ponzu

A Japanese dipping sauce made from soy sauce, lime juice, vinegar, and fish flakes

Roe

Fish eggs

Sashimi

Thinly sliced meat served without rice

Shiso

A kind of Japanese herb

Sriracha

A type of sweet and spicy sauce

Teba

Chicken wings

Tekka

A type of Japanese condiment

Temaki

Hand-roll: rice and fish in a cone-shaped seaweed wrapper

Tempura

Japanese breaded frying preparation

Tentsuyu

A Japenese tempura dip

Tobiko

Flying fish roe

Toro

Belly area of fish

Udon

Type of thick noodle made with wheat flour

Ume

A type of pickled plum

Uzura

Quail

Wakame

A type of seaweed

Wasabi

A type of Japanese herb similar to horseradish

Yaki Tori

Japanese type of skewered chicken

Yakisoba

Fried buckwheat noodles

Yamagobo

Japanese pickled burdock root

Yuzu

A type of citrus fruit

FAQs

How many sushi types are there? ›

There are six main types of sushi found in restaurants. If you know the basics about these, then you should be able to interpret a menu much easier than if you were to try without this knowledge. Below are the six different types of sushi and what their basics consist of.

What are the 3 main types of sushi? ›

Different Types of Sushi: Nigiri- raw fish pressed onto balls of rice. Maki- raw fish rolled up in seaweed. Sashimi- raw fish cut into thin slices.

What is the most popular sushi roll? ›

Spicy Tuna

A heady mixture of raw tuna and hot sauce, the spicy tuna roll is easily one of the most popular menu items in American sushi restaurants.

What is a common sushi? ›

The most common type of sushi is nigirizushi, which is finger-sized sushi that is hand-pressed and has a piece of raw fish on top. Nigirizushi is typically made with tuna, salmon, or shrimp.

What is the most popular Japanese sushi? ›

According to our survey results, Maguro (tuna; nigiri) is by far the most frequently eaten sushi type. 60 percent of the respondents answered that they eat Maguro sushi frequently.

What is the best tasting raw sushi? ›

Hamachi: Tasty when served both raw or cooked; it's fresh, soft, and buttery, with a slightly smoky flavor—considered the Best fish for raw sushi in the traditional Japanese style, simple seasoning.

What is the basic sushi called? ›

Nigiri is the original form of sushi that we know today. Also called edo-mae (meaning “in front of Edo”), the name refers to its birthplace of Tokyo (formerly Edo). It's made up of a hand-pressed rice cylinder (shari) topped with any number of ingredients (neta).

What is simple sushi called? ›

Sashimi. Sashimi refers to raw seafood cut into thin slices. It's a simple form of sushi that Chau says is deceptively hard to prepare, as the seafood must be cut perfectly to “ensure the mouthfeel is smooth and the bite has a melt-in-your mouth quality” and any mistake in the cut will be noticeable to the consumer.

What are small sushi rolls called? ›

Hosomaki are smaller rolls made with a sheet of nori, rolled up with a layer of rice, but contain only a single filling, such as cucumbers, tuna or carrots. Temaki are hand rolls, which are made by rolling a sheet of nori into a cone shape, then filling with rice and vegetables and fish.

What kind of sushi is popular in Japan? ›

Japanese people love sushi, and tuna just edges out salmon as their favorite topping. In a survey conducted by the take-out sushi chain Kyōtaru, the popular sushi toppings akami (lean tuna) and chūtoro (medium-fatty tuna) placed joint first with 45.8%, closely followed by salmon with 44.3%.

What is sushi called without fish? ›

Maki-zushi Vegan Sushi

The sushi is then sliced evenly to reveal its fillings. Kappa maki-cucumber roll-is a safe bet for vegetarians and vegan sushi-eaters, with a slice of cucumber wrapped in a thin roll of rice and seaweed.

What is deep fried sushi called? ›

Tempura rolls are basically deep fried maki or uramaki rolls. Tempura itself is basically a method of frying fish or vegetables in a light batter made of flour, water, and eggs. In other words, the western love of deep fried everything has even made it to the sushi world.

What is the most sushi eaten in one sitting? ›

The record for eating them falls to Takeru Kobayashi of Japan, who completed the feat on a Japanese TV show, 'Food Battle Club'. He consumed 150 onigiri (about 9kg in weight) in the space of half an hour.

What is the most famous sushi in the world? ›

Sukiyabashi Jiro (すきやばし次郎) is one of the best praised Edo-style Sushi restaurants in Japan and all over the world, having been listed on the Michelin Guide as the three-star restaurant for 11 years running.

What is the safest sushi to eat? ›

Tuna is often considered a safer option for sushi. It's a faster fish, so it often avoids parasites. This doesn't protect it from other contamination issues, like salmonella, but it's one way to reduce your risk.

What's the safest fish to eat raw? ›

Here are a few common types of fish eaten raw: seabass, swordfish, salmon, trout, mackerel, tuna and salmon. Other types of seafood, like shrimp, crab, scallops, eel and octopus are also widely and safely eaten raw.

What fish is the king of sushi? ›

Sushi wouldn't be sushi without tuna, particularly bluefin tuna. It is so revered in Japan that they call it the" king of sushi."

What are traditional sushi rolls? ›

Typically, Japanese sushi rolls have nori wrapped on the outside, while Western sushi has the nori on the inside of the roll so that the rice is outside the roll. Putting rice on the outside was done to appeal more to the Western aesthetic, which preferred not to feel the texture of seaweed from the outside.

What is cooked sushi called? ›

What Is Sashimi?
MakiNigiri
What it is:A traditional sushi roll consisting of fish, veggies and rice, rolled up in seaweed.Thin slices of raw fish served atop rice.
Cooked or raw?Either oneRaw
Does it count as sushi?YesYes
Jan 5, 2022

What is sushi without rice called? ›

Sushi always contains rice, while sashimi is just slices of meat or fish. Sashimi could be considered “no-rice sushi.”

What is the #1 most popular food in Japan? ›

1. Sushi. Sushi is the most famous Japanese dish and the first thing people think of when they think of Japanese cuisine.

What is the healthiest sushi roll? ›

1) Sashimi

It's probably the cleanest thing on the menu because you're looking at pure protein. They contain a lot of omega 3 fatty acids and provide a lot of protein without all the carbs of the roll,” says White.

Is sushi healthy or unhealthy? ›

The combination of fish, rice and seasonings makes sushi a perfect food part of a healthy meal pattern. Sushi can fit into almost any diet as part of a healthy way of eating.

How many rolls of sushi per person? ›

Sushi is designed to share, which is why so many sushi catering packages feature platters or sushi “boats.” If you're wondering how to order sushi for a hungry office, a good rule of thumb is roughly one roll (six pieces) per person.

What do you drink with sushi? ›

Top 5 Sushi Pairing Drinks
  • Japanese Beer. Instead of going with a dark and heavy beer, choose a light brand like Sapporo. ...
  • Sake. Sake is a tasty, fermented rice beverage. ...
  • Prosecco. Prosecco is a bubbly white wine that isn't too sweet. ...
  • Pinot Grigio. For a more floral flavor, try a pinot grigio. ...
  • Riesling.

What sushi can you eat raw? ›

Fish safe to eat raw
  • Tuna: Any sort of tuna, be it bluefin, yellowfin, skipjack, or albacore, can be eaten raw. ...
  • Salmon: Salmon is one of the most popular ingredients used in sushi and sashimi, but to ensure it is safe, it shouldn't be previously frozen, or farmed appropriately.

What is sushi with rice called? ›

Nigiri uses rice, and is technically a type of sushi, while nigiri eschews rice, and can be made of fish or a different type of meat.

What is the sweet sushi called? ›

A Guide to Inarizushi: Japan's Sweet Sushi Tofu Pockets

Inarizushi (or, inari-sushi) is another unique variety of sushi, a sweet bean bag-looking morsel, made with a pocket of sweet deep-fried tofu known as inari filled with sticky Japanese sushi rice.

What is a Florida roll? ›

Tuna, fresh salmon, cream cheese & avocado, rolled in seaweed & rice, topped with tempura chips, smelt roe & spicy sauce.

What is crab sushi called? ›

California roll
California roll sushi with roe
Alternative namesCalifornia maki
Region or stateNorth America
Main ingredientsRice, cucumber, crab meat or imitation crab, and avocado
Food energy (per serving)1 serving (2 pieces), 129 kcal
3 more rows

What is a Spam sushi roll called? ›

I've heard the terms Spam sushi and Spam sandwiches, but, no, get it right: It's Spam musubi. Back home in Hawaii, musubis are found at every convenience shop on the islands, 7-11 included (and, I must say, their musubis are pretty darn good!).

What is basic sushi? ›

Sushi is typically made with rice, nori (seaweed), fish, and vegetables. Common sushi ingredients include tuna, salmon, shrimp, squid, eel, and crab. You can use almost any ingredient you like in sushi. Popular ingredients include vegetables, fruits, and meats.

What are the traditional sushi rolls? ›

Some of Japan's most traditional sushi comes in varieties like maki rolls and temaki. The main difference between these two types of sushi is that maki rolls are rolls that are cut into bite-size pieces and temaki are hand rolls kept in a cone or log shape that's meant to be bitten into.

What sushi has no fish? ›

If you don't like fish but still want to eat sushi, there are a number of veggie-based options available. Avocado rolls are a popular choice. Avocado rolls are served as chunks of ripe avocado rolled in a layer of sushi rice and covered in seaweed.

What is the most popular fish for sushi? ›

Tuna: A top choice, go with any sort of tuna, including bluefin, yellowfin, bigeye, skipjack, bonito, and albacore. There are a few rarer ones as well. Salmon: Though it is popular and commonly used for sushi, this particular fish does come with concerns about parasites.

What are rice sushi rolls called? ›

Nigiri uses rice, and is technically a type of sushi, while nigiri eschews rice, and can be made of fish or a different type of meat. It's also not technically sushi – though it's still served at most sushi joints. So, who comes out the victor in the war between nigiri and sashimi?

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